As cannabis prohibition laws crumble seemingly by the day, it’s allowing more research to be performed on this psychoactive substance that has long been a part of the human experience.
The first study to analyze the effects of cannabis on driving performance found that it caused almost no impairment. The impairment that it did cause was similar to that observed under the influence of a legal alcohol limit.
Researchers at the University of Iowa’s National Advanced Driving Simulator carried out the study, sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Institute of Drug Abuse, and the Office of National Drug Control Policy
“ONCE IN THE SIMULATOR—A 1996 MALIBU SEDAN MOUNTED IN A 24-FEET DIAMETER DOME—THE DRIVERS WERE ASSESSED ON WEAVING WITHIN THE LANE, HOW OFTEN THE CAR LEFT THE LANE, AND THE SPEED OF THE WEAVING. DRIVERS WITH ONLY ALCOHOL IN THEIR SYSTEMS SHOWED IMPAIRMENT IN ALL THREE AREAS WHILE THOSE STRICTLY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF VAPORIZED CANNABIS ONLY DEMONSTRATED PROBLEMS WEAVING WITHIN THE LANE.
DRIVERS WITH BLOOD CONCENTRATIONS OF 13.1 UG/L THC, OR DELTA-9-TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL, THE ACTIVE INGREDIENT IN MARIJUANA, SHOWED INCREASED WEAVING THAT WAS SIMILAR TO THOSE WITH A .08 BREATH ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION, THE LEGAL LIMIT IN MOST STATES. THE LEGAL LIMIT FOR THC IN WASHINGTON AND COLORADO IS 5 UG/L, THE SAME AMOUNT OTHER STATES HAVE CONSIDERED.”
As expected, there was impairment in all areas when alcohol and cannabis were mixed. But cannabis itself, when taken in moderate amounts, seems to cause no significant driving impairment.